In the non-canonical Gospel of Barnabas, it is claimed that Jesus said that idolatry is the greatest sin, because it completely deprives a person of faith and therefore of God.  The words attributed to Jesus not only forbid the worship of wooden or stone statues; but also flesh statues. “. All that a man loves, for which he leaves everything else except this, is his God, so that the wolverine and the drunkard have their own flesh for his idol, the lustful has silver and gold for his idol, and so on all other sinners.  Idolatry was therefore the fundamental sin that manifested itself in various actions or thoughts that replaced the primacy of God. However, the Gospel of Barnabas is not part of the Christian Bible. It comes only from manuscripts from the 16th and 17th centuries. It often reflects Islamic rather than Christian understanding, so it cannot be considered authoritative for Christian views. Human hearts are imperfect, and apart from God`s transforming work, we cannot love others as we are called.
But where humanity failed, Jesus succeeded and showed love unto death. For Jesus` followers today, we have the gift of the Holy Spirit, who guides us and helps us to love others and God perfectly, and to fulfill the law that God established at the very beginning of biblical history. So there is no way we want to continue sinning and flaunting the law just so that we can be the recipients of more grace! So, are we supposed to keep “the law” today? Obviously, all these laws of sacrifice are completed in the one and complete sacrifice of Christ. All the dozens of laws about Israel`s land, food, and rituals do not concern us either. Nor can the observance of any set of laws give us eternal life. The people were afraid to hear more and moved “far,” and Moses replied, “Do not be afraid.” Nevertheless, he approached the “dense darkness” where “the presence of the Lord” was to hear the additional laws and “judgments” that he “wrote” in the “book of the covenant” that he read to the people the next morning, and they agreed to be obedient and to do whatever the Lord had said. Moses escorted a small group consisting of Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu and “seventy of the elders of Israel” to a place on the mountain where they worshipped “from afar,” and they “saw the God of Israel” on a “paved work” such as light sapphire stone.  Richard Elliott Friedman argues that the Ten Commandments in Exodus 20:1-17 “do not seem to belong to any of the most important sources. It is likely that this is a stand-alone document inserted here by the publisher.  In his view, the Covenant Code follows this version of the Ten Commandments into the electronic narrative of northern Israel. In the J narrative of Exodus 34, the publisher of the combined story known as Redactor (or RJE) adds in a statement that this is a replacement for earlier tablets that have been broken.
“In the combined text of the EJ, it would be uncomfortable to imagine God simply commanding Moses to make tablets as if there were no history on the matter, so RJE adds the explanation that these replace earlier tablets that were broken.”  But it is easier for heaven and earth to pass than to empty a point of the law. According to Jewish tradition, Exodus 20:1-17 is God`s first recitation and inscription of the Ten Commandments on the two tablets, which Moses broke with anger against his rebellious nation and was then rewritten on substitute stones and placed in the Ark of the Covenant;  and Deuteronomy 5:4-25 is for God to tell the Ten Commandments to the younger generation who were to enter the Promised Land. The passages in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5 contain more than ten imperative statements, 14 or 15 in total. The Eastern Orthodox Church derives its moral truths mainly from the Ten Commandments.  A confession begins with the confessor reciting the Ten Commandments and asking the penitent which one he broke.  Galatians 3:24 – “Therefore the law became our master, to lead us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. For the Lord is our judge; the Lord is our lawgiver; the Lord is our King; He will save us. So why the law? It was added for transgressions until the descendants who had received the promise came, and it was named by angels of an intermediary. Romans 8:1-4 – “Therefore there is no condemnation now for those who are in Christ Jesus. For the law of the Spirit of life in Jesus Christ has freed you from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do, however weak it may be in the flesh, God did: He sent His own Son in the image of sinful flesh and as a sacrifice for sin, and condemned sin in the flesh, that the requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, that we might walk not according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
And then I will explain to them: “I have never known you; Depart from me, workers of anarchy. And through Him, all who believe are freed from all that you could not be delivered from by the law of Moses. For the whole law is fulfilled in one word: “Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.” We have seen that the “law” can refer to the whole Old Testament or only to the Mosaic law. But the “law” has different meanings in the New Testament. In Romans 3:27, the phrase “law of faith” refers to the fact that redemption or forgiveness of our sins comes only by faith. In Romans 7:23-24, we are introduced to “another law,” which is the “law of the Spirit,” which is our desire for obedience. This law tries to control our behavior, but it is contrary to the “law of sin” (Romans 7:25), which makes war on the “law of the Spirit.” The “law of the Spirit of life” in Romans 8:2 refers to the gospel. “You heard.
Thou shalt not commit adultery. But I tell you that whoever looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. The law may also refer to the Mosaic law. It was given to Moses when he was on Mount Sinai. This is the message of Exodus 24:12. Since no such statement is recorded in the Pentateuch, it must be a reference to another part of the Old Testament. In fact, 2 Samuel 7:15-16 and Micah 5:2 clearly state that the Messiah would reign forever. The Bible emphasizes the special status of the Ten Commandments among all other Torah laws in various ways: Therefore, O man, you have no excuse, each of you who judges. Because when you judge another, you judge yourself because you, the judge, practice exactly the same things. We know that God`s judgment rightly falls on those who practice such things.
Do you believe, O man, you who condemn those who practice such things and yet do it yourself, that you will escape God`s judgment? Or do you assume the riches of His goodness, patience, and patience without knowing that God`s goodness must lead you to repentance? But because of your hard and impetuous heart, you accumulate anger for yourself on the day of wrath when God`s righteous judgment is revealed. “You heard. Thou shalt not commit murder. But I tell you that whoever is angry with his brother will be guilty in court. Do we then overthrow the law by this belief? On no account! On the contrary, we respect the law. For Christ is the end of the law of righteousness for all who believe. The mountain was covered by the cloud for six days, and on the seventh day Moses entered into the midst of the cloud and was “forty days and forty nights on the mountain.”  And Moses said, “The Lord gave me two tablets of stone written with the finger of God; and upon them was written, according to all the words which the Lord said to you on the day of the meeting on the mountain in the midst of the fire.  Before the forty days had passed, the children of Israel decided together that something had happened to Moses and forced Aaron to form a golden calf, and he “built an altar before him” and the people “worshipped the calf.”  The evidence that these verses relate to Moses and the Ten Commandments comes from the verse that immediately follows them: In the early centuries of Christianity, some Christians had informally decorated their homes and places of worship with images of Christ and saints that others considered inappropriate.